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Safety Information in Journal Articles Part 3: FAQs and Additional Resources

Safety is a core value of the American Chemical Society and an integral part of the overall research process. In the final part of this three-part series, we cover frequently asked questions and highlight additional chemical safety resources from ACS. If you haven’t caught up, be sure to read the full series below.

Part 1 |  Part 2 | Part 3

Frequently Asked Questions

Quote: Authors must emphasize any unexpected, new, and/or significant hazards or risks associated with the reported work.

There will undoubtedly be many questions that will arise when considering how to best structure your safety statement within the context of your manuscript.

Here, we’ve provided additional clarification for commonly asked questions when authors seek to meet the ACS requirement to “emphasize any unexpected, new, and/or significant hazards or risks associated with the reported work.”

How do I determine what classifies as a “significant” hazard or risk?

A “significant or unusual” hazard is anything that presents a major risk or requires preventative measures beyond those commonly expected to be present in a laboratory setting. Any hazards that fall within the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) Category 1 classification should always be noted. Even with novel or less hazardous materials, it is always best to use discretion, perform a comprehensive risk assessment, and note any potential risks associated with your processes. It will never hurt to be as thorough as possible during this reporting step!

Which section of my manuscript should include the safety statement?

To maximize visibility and utility, it is recommended to insert your safety statement in the Experimental Materials or Methods section of your manuscript. It is also a good idea to reiterate or expand upon your safety statement in the Supporting Information section, especially if it includes any details and context related to the author’s specific experience with the hazardous materials or procedures used.

At what point in the research process should I perform a risk assessment?

The risk assessment is the second step of RAMP, and it should be conducted after you’ve identified any hazards and before you begin your experimental methods. As mentioned in Part 2 of this series, your risk assessment will be the most complex step of RAMP, but it will help inform the necessary components of your safety statement as you begin writing.

RAMP Methodology

Does my safety statement count towards my overall word limit? 

If your statement is 100 words or fewer, it will not contribute towards your final word count. Longer summaries will be handled differently by each individual journal—you can learn more about length requirements by either consulting the journal’s Author Guidelines or contacting the Editor-in-Chief’s office.

Additional Safety Resources

ACS Division of Chemical Health and Safety

ACS Division of Chemical Health and Safety

The ACS Division of Chemical Health and Safety is a technical division of ACS and a premier source for advancing best chemical and health safety practices through authoritative technical resources and mentorship. With nearly 2,000 members, the Division provides educational tools, training, and support for chemists, educators, safety professionals, and the public.

For more information or to become a member of the Division, contact membership@dchas.org.

ACS Committee on Chemical Safety

ACS Committee on Chemical Safety

The ACS Committee on Chemical Safety (CCS) was established in 1963 with the vision of fostering “a scientific community that embraces safety in all activities of the chemistry enterprise.” Through collaborative partnerships, peer-reviewed publications, tools for professional and educational use, and advisory support for other ACS committees and members, CCS is leading resource for promoting chemical and laboratory safety throughout the Society.

Visit the CCS website to learn more about the Committee and its members, explore resources, and browse upcoming events.

ACS Chemical Health & Safety

ACS Chemical Health & Safety

The journal ACS Chemical Health & Safety is a global platform for ensuring that all members of the chemical enterprise receive access to new research, safety information, regulatory updates, effective chemical hygiene practices, and hazard assessment tools. The Journal publishes high-quality articles and research appropriate for scientists, EH&S industry professionals, educators, and others who work in settings that contain chemicals or hazardous materials.

If you would like to learn more or are interested in publishing in ACS Chemical Health & Safety, visit the Journal’s website to browse the latest issue or view manuscript criteria.

ACS Center for Lab Safety

Part of the ACS Institute, the ACS Center for Lab Safety is a one-stop shop for educational resources supporting safe, ethical, and sustainable chemistry practices. From grade school classrooms to industrial laboratories, you will find training tools and learning opportunities—both in person and online— that aim to strengthen ACS’s Core Value of Safety through education.

Further Reading

SAFETY INFORMATION IN JOURNAL ARTICLES: THE COMPLETE SERIES
Part 1: The Necessity of Communication
Part 2: Tips for a Well-Written Safety Statement
Part 3: FAQs and Additional Resources


ARTICLES FROM ACS CHEMICAL HEALTH & SAFETY

Approaches to Understanding Human Behavior When Investigating Incidents in Academic Chemical Laboratories

Ronald W. McLeod
ACS Chem. Health Saf.
 2022, 29, 3, 263–279

Safety Data Sheets: Challenges for Authors, Expectations for End-Users
Anne DeMasi, Harry Elston, and Neal Langerman
ACS Chem. Health Saf. 2022, 29, 4, 369–377

The Ten Most Common Laboratory Safety Issues
Richard Palluzi
ACS Chem. Health Saf. 2022, 29, 1, 19–26

Peer Reviewed Methods/Protocols
Mary Beth Mulcahy
ACS Chem. Health Saf. 2022, 29, 1, 1–2


ADDITIONAL SAFETY RESOURCES
Periodic Table of Safety Elements
ACS Essentials of Lab Safety for General Chemistry: A Course
CHAS Workshops 2022-2023
CCS Publications and Resources
ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication: Communicating Safety Information

Safety Information in Journal Articles Part 2: Tips for a Well-Written Safety Statement

Safety is a core value of the American Chemical Society and an integral part of the overall research process. In Part 2 of this three-part series, provide tips and best practices for authors to formulate a well-written safety summary statement. If you haven’t caught up, be sure to read the full series below.

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

How to RAMP Up Your Safety Statement

Including a clear, articulate safety summary statement in your research is vital to ensuring that others who reproduce or expand upon your work can prepare for significant hazards and conduct their own methods as safely as possible. Therefore, crafting your statement should go beyond simply writing a few lines of text—there are many important things to consider before and during the safety reporting process in your manuscript.

In Part 1 of this series, we provide an overview of RAMP, a system that guarantees laboratory safety measures are at the top of every scientist’s mind before and during experimental processes. After Recognizing significant hazards and Assessing associated risks, you can apply this information to your safety statement to help both yourself and others Minimize these risks and Prepare thoroughly for possible emergencies.1

Safety Hazard Pictograms

Credit: GHS Hazard Communication Pictograms/ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication. Click image to view full size.

This figure contains the nine pictograms established by the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).2 These symbols are located on chemical containers and labels, allowing you to quickly recognize the nature and possible hazards of a chemical. Certain chemical classes are noted as being of particular concern and should always be included in your safety statement.3

It is crucial to document any reaction or process hazards as well. Some examples include elevated temperature or pressure, highly exothermic processes, oxygen/fuel mixtures that are ignitable, or any factors that could make your process more complex such as radiation or biological pathogens.3

After identifying all hazards involved in your experimental process, you must then assess any risks from these hazards. Risk assessment involves consulting authoritative resources and analyzing the available data throughout all stages of your experiment to inform the best strategies for minimizing risk. There is no denying that risk assessment is often the most lengthy and complex component of RAMP, but there is a wealth of information and resources available for you to reference along the way.

Essential safety information should outline the approaches and strategies used to minimize risks and prepare for unforeseen emergencies. Examples may include using special equipment, substituting with a less hazardous method, or, in extremely high-risk scenarios, eliminating the use of certain hazards.3

What to Include in a Safety Summary Statement: A Checklist

The checklist below contains important items to include in your safety statement as they apply to the journal, procedures, and audience.3 Other things to consider:

  • Using numbers and bullets helps compartmentalize your risks and mitigations, making your statement easier to read.
  • Know your audience—with a research audience, certain standard safety procedures are widely known, but a teaching audience might benefit from a bit more detail.
  • Be sure to cite all sources used during the risk assessment portion of your statement.
Information to Include in a Safety Summary Statement: A Checklist

Credit: ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication. Click image to view full size.

Join us on Monday, October 24 for the third and final part of our series, in which we address common questions and provide additional tools and resources for communicating safety information. In the meantime, catch up on Part 1 and explore the resources below to learn more about evaluating hazards, writing your safety statement, and the importance of chemical health and safety.

—————

Further Reading

ACS SAFETY RESOURCES
ACS Division of Chemical Health and Safety (CHAS)
Identifying and Evaluating Hazards in Research Laboratories
ACS Chemical Health & Safety
ACS Style Sheet for Writing Safety Statements

FROM THE AXIAL ARCHIVE
Safety Information in Journal Articles Part 1: The Necessity of Communication
Sharps in the Lab: Safety Procedures
How to Make Safety a Priority Before Students Enter the Lab
The Missing Piece of the Lab Safety Puzzle
RAMP Up Your Safety Education and Practice

References

  1. What is RAMP? The ACS Center for Lab Safety.
  2. About the GHS. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.
  3. McEwen, L. and Sigmann, S. Communicating Safety Information. ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication 2020:1.3.1–1.3.7.

Safety Information in Journal Articles Part 1: The Necessity of Communication

Safety is a core value of the American Chemical Society and an integral part of the overall research process. In this three-part series, we review the importance of disclosing safety information in journal articles; provide tips and best practices for authors to formulate a well-written safety summary statement; and share additional resources that will help authors prepare for potential safety risks associated with their research and effectively communicate them with the scientific community. Read the full series below.

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

The Hazard of Insufficient Safety Reporting

The importance of safety in the research laboratory is widely recognized, including maintaining awareness of potential hazards and associated risks. But what about when it comes to effectively communicating these hazards and risks1 as authors prepare their research for submission to a scientific journal?

When submitting a manuscript to an ACS journal, authors are expected to disclose potential safety hazards and other relevant information. These reporting requirements came into force in 2017,2 driven in part by a review of author guidelines across more than 720 chemistry journals—which found that only 8% mentioned safety information requirements for authors.3

The ACS Divisions of Chemical Health and Safety (CHAS) and Chemical Information (CINF) along with the Committee of Chemical Safety (CCS) also conducted a survey of chemical safety in academia around the same time, and they found while most researchers were somewhat familiar with formal, industrial-level safety management processes, they rarely used them in their daily work—and few consistently shared them in their publications.4 Perhaps unsurprising, then, that a decade ago 46% of scientists had experienced some sort of injury in the lab and 30% had witnessed at least one major incident requiring medical attention.5

What Information Should be Included in a Safety Statement?

Quote: Authors must emphasize any unexpected, new, and/or significant hazards or risks associated with the reported work.

The Author Guidelines of every ACS journal state that an author “must emphasize any unexpected, new, and/or significant hazards or risks associated with the reported work.”6 If an experiment requires specialized equipment, procedures, or training beyond basic laboratory practices, the author must provide sufficient information so that others who may want to reproduce or build upon the published work can easily understand the hazards and risks involved and replicate the processes safely.

Even though a chemical may carry a “significant risk” and must be reported does not mean it cannot be used. Laboratory hazards and risks can be managed using RAMP methodology: Recognize hazards, Assess and Minimize risks, and Prepare for emergencies.7 Chemistry professionals must therefore be proficient in evaluating hazards, conducting assessments, and mitigating any identified risks. ACS recognizes this in both the Society’s Core Value of Safety and their position statement on safety in the chemical enterprise.8

RAMP Methodology

Copyright 2015 American Chemical Society

Doing What’s Right

Chemical safety is both an ethical and legal responsibility for chemistry professionals, and it is necessary for the protection of both researchers themselves and of the broader scientific community. As principal sources of chemical information, it is imperative that both authors and journals use their platforms to educate readers about inherent risks in the experiments they publish. By championing an ethical, transparent, and positive safety culture, there is hope that scientists will change how they think about safety and incorporate it as a fundamental part of their role.9

Part 2: Tips for a Well-Written Safety Statement
Part 3: FAQs and Additional Resources (coming soon!)

—————

Further Reading

ACS SAFETY RESOURCES
ACS Chemical Health & Safety
ACS Division of Chemical Health and Safety (CHAS)
ACS Center for Lab Safety
ACS Essentials of Lab Safety for General Chemistry: A Course

FROM THE AXIAL ARCHIVE
Sharps in the Lab: Safety Procedures
How to Make Safety a Priority Before Students Enter the Lab
The Missing Piece of the Lab Safety Puzzle
RAMP Up Your Safety Education and Practice

References

  1. McEwen, L. and Sigmann, S. Communicating Safety Information. ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication 2020:1.3.1–1.3.7.
  2. Kemsley, J. ACS Journals Enact New Safety Policy. Chem. Eng. News 2016;94(48):7.
  3. Goode, S.R. and Grabowski, L.E. Review and analysis of safety policies of chemical journals. J. Chem. Health Saf. 2016;23(3):30–35.
  4. McEwen, L., et al. Baseline survey of academic chemical safety information practices. J. Chem. Health Saf. 2018;25(3):6–10.
  5. Nitsche, C.I. Promoting safety culture: An overview of collaborative chemical safety information initiatives. J. Chem. Health Saf. 2019;26(3):27–30.
  6. Safety Considerations. ACS Publications Author Guidelines.
  7. What is RAMP? The ACS Center for Lab Safety.
  8. Safety in the Chemistry Enterprise: ACS Position Statement.
  9. Bertozzi, C.R. Ingredients for a Positive Safety Culture. ACS Cent. Sci. 2016;2(11):764–766.

ACS Au Journals Make Sharing Your Work Easy

The sweat and tears you shed in forging scientific exploration yield the coveted paper. But publishing your discoveries isn’t necessarily the end of the story if you want as many people as possible to make use of your research.

Of course, publishing in open-access journals like ACS Au makes sharing easier as there is no barrier for readers to read and use your work. And Fast Format makes the entire preparation and submission process simpler and quicker.

But the technical process and explanations are not easy to understand for those outside your field of expertise. So how do you explain what you’ve learned to a wider audience?

A visual summary can help you explain your work more easily to more people. And this summer, the ACS Au open-access journal portfolio will make this easier.

If you submit to any ACS Au journal before September 5, 2021, and your paper is subsequently accepted following the usual rigorous ACS peer-review process, then you can choose a FREE infographic or videobyte summary of your article so you can easily explain your research to others.

  • An infographic provides a visual snapshot of the background, methodology, and key findings from your study.
  • A videobyte summarizes your research with a one-minute video for a lay audience.

You will also receive a free guide on the best ways to share and promote your work using your choice.

There is an open-access ACS Au journal for all aspects of chemical science. See which journal is right for you:

ACS Au journals are fully open access, making them free to read for anyone, anywhere in the world, immediately on publication. This means researchers and others can apply for your work more quickly.

The journals enable this instant global access by assessing an article processing charge (APC) for authors who want or have to make their work open access. Learn more about this charge and the various agreements and programs ACS has with institutions and researchers in low-income countries.

Submit to any ACS Au journal before September 5, 2021, and if the journal accepts your paper, you can choose a FREE infographic or videobyte summary of your article so you can easily explain your research to others.

Sign up to receive the latest ACS Au published articles by email.

ACS Publications 2020 Year in Review

2020 was a year like no other. We sincerely thank you all, the members of our research community, for all that you do to help ACS journals remain the most trusted, most cited, and most read. We couldn’t do it without you. Please take a moment to view our highlights from the year.

Thank you again for your contributions to ACS Publications and all that you do to advance the chemical sciences in 2020.

 

ACS Publications 2019 Rewind

With the help of researchers like you, 2019 was another banner year for ACS Publications, as well as for chemistry as a whole. Take a moment to reflect on some highlights of 2019 with us.

Thank you again for all that you do to advance the chemical sciences and for helping ACS journals remain the most trusted, most cited, and most read. We couldn’t do it with you.

ACS Sensors Celebrates First Full Impact Factor

Earlier this month, ACS Sensors received its first full Impact Factor, 6.944, in Clarivate Analytics’ Journal Citation Reports®. The Impact Factor is for the 2018 calendar year, and is determined by dividing the number of citations received in 2018 to content published in 2016 and 2017 by the number of articles published in ACS Sensors in 2016 and 2017.

“The impact factor of 6.944 is now very similar to our parent journal Analytical Chemistry; one of the great legacy journals of the American Chemical Society,” says ACS Sensors Editor-in-Chief, J. Justin Gooding.

The infographic shows a brief timeline and history of ACS Sensors, and how it has grown since its launch in 2016.

(Click to download a full-sized version.)

This could not have been achieved without the strong community of scientists who back ACS Sensors and produce high-quality research and engage with their peer’s work. The ACS Sensors editorial team wants to express its gratitude to the community of authors, readers, and reviewers who welcomed this new journal and helped make it a success in its first few years.

Top Ten Most Cited Papers from ACS Sensors in 2018

TitleAuthorsDOITotal Citations
Wearable Chemical Sensors: Present Challenges and Future ProspectsBandodkar, Amay J.; Jeerapan, Itthipon; Wang, Joseph10.1021/acssensors.6b00250165
Biosensors Based on Two-Dimensional MoS2Kalantar-zadeh, Kourosh; Ou, Jian Zhen10.1021/acssensors.5b00142120
Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Coated ZnO Nanorods as Molecular Sieving to Improve Selectivity of Formaldehyde Gas SensorTian, Hailin; Fan, Huiqing; Li, Mengmeng; Ma, Longtao10.1021/acssensors.5b0023698
Noninvasive Alcohol Monitoring Using a Wearable Tattoo-Based Iontophoretic-Biosensing SystemKim, Jayoung; Jeerapan, Itthipon; Imani, Somayeh; Cho, Thomas N.; Bandodkar, Amay; Cinti, Stefano; Mercier, Patrick P.; Wang, Joseph10.1021/acssensors.6b0035697
Fluorescent Sensors Based on Aggregation-Induced Emission: Recent Advances and PerspectivesGao, Meng; Tang, Ben Zhong10.1021/acssensors.7b0055185
Design of Superior Ethanol Gas Sensor Based on Al-Doped NiO Nanorod-FlowersWang, Chen; Cui, Xiaobiao; Liu, Jiangyang; Zhou, Xin; Cheng, Xiaoyang; Sun, Peng; Hu, Xiaolong; Li, Xiaowei; Zheng, Jie; Lu, Geyu10.1021/acssensors.5b0012380
Rationally Modulate the Oxidase-like Activity of Nanoceria for Self Regulated BioassaysCheng, Hanjun; Lin, Shichao; Muhammad, Faheem; Lin, Ying-Wu; Wei, Hui10.1021/acssensors.6b0050078
Surface Plasmon Resonance Clinical Biosensors for Medical DiagnosticsMasson, Jean-Francois10.1021/acssensors.6b0076375
Novel Turn-On Fluorescent Sensors with Mega Stokes Shifts for Dual Detection of Al3+ and Zn2+Boonkitpatarakul, Kanokthorn; Wang, Junfeng; Niamnont, Nakorn; Liu, Bin; Mcdonald, Lucas; Pang, Yi; Sukwattanasinitt, Mongkol10.1021/acssensors.5b0013663
Nanobody-Based Apolipoprotein E Immunosensor for Point-of-Care TestingRen, Xiang; Yan, Junrong; Wu, Dan; Wei, Qin; Wan, Yakun10.1021/acssensars.7b0049562

Make Your Mark!

Learn more about ACS Sensors and submit your research here.

ACS Sensors is a peer-reviewed research journal that is devoted to the dissemination of new and original knowledge on all aspects of sensor science that selectively sense chemical or biological species or processes. Articles may address conceptual advances in sensing that are applicable to many types of analytes or application papers which report on the use of an existing sensing concept in a new way or for a new analyte.

Application papers should demonstrate the use of the sensor in complex samples, show it is fit-for-purpose, and exhibit a correlation of the sensor’s performance with an existing analytical method. Papers in ACS Sensors may focus on sensor development for commercialization or developing sensors that are used to provide new scientific knowledge. Articles may be entirely theoretical with regard to sensing, or they may report experimental results. The types of sensors the journal covers include:

  • Biosensors
  • Chemical sensors
  • Gas sensors
  • Intracellular sensors
  • Single molecule sensors
  • Cell chips
  • Arrays
  • Microfluidic devices

Primary research papers in ACS Sensors include Letters and Articles. Note that the maximum length of Letters is four journal pages and Articles are eight. In addition, ACS Sensors publishes Reviews, Perspectives, Sensor Issues and Introducing Our Authors. Perspectives should report the authors’ opinion on important new directions in sensing and discuss the nature of the opportunities perceived. Reviews can cover conceptual advances in sensing, review a class of sensor or analyte, or can be more of a tutorial that addresses a specific challenge in sensing and approaches to overcoming it. Sensor Issues will guide the community and new entrants to sensors on where the opportunities and challenges are by highlighting specific sensing issues.

ACS Publications 2018 Rewind

With the help of researchers like you, 2018 was another banner year for ACS Publications, as well as for chemistry as a whole. Take a moment to reflect on some highlights of 2018 with us.

Thank you again for all that you do to advance the chemical sciences and for helping ACS journals remain the most trusted, most cited, and most read. We couldn’t do it with you.

Celebrate 110 Years of I&ECR

At the Forefront of Chemical Engineering Research Since 1909

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (I&ECR), originally titled the Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry (I&EC), was the third journal launched by the American Chemical Society (ACS), after Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS) and The Journal of Physical Chemistry.

The journal was first published in 1909, the same year that:

  • William Howard Taft was sworn in as 27th President of the United States
  • Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch demonstrated their process for nitrogen fixation
  • Søren Peder Lauritz Sørensen introduced the concept of pH
  • Leo Baekeland patented the first thermo-setting plastic, launching the plastics industry

ACS Publications might be biased, but we believe I&ECR’s inaugural 1909 volume to be up there with these historical events!

To celebrate eleven decades of scientific research and communication, the journal’s Editor-in-Chief Phillip E. Savage published an Editorial in January thanking authors, reviewers, editors, and readers. “We very much appreciate the confidence that our global community of authors and readers show in I&EC Research as the journal of choice for their best work in chemical engineering and applied chemistry. Indeed, the esteemed history of I&EC Research demonstrates that it is attuned to the needs of its readers and able to lead and adapt to changes in chemical engineering research,” he wrote.

How is I&ECR planning to celebrate 110 Years?

To kick things off, we encourage you to click the below timeline to download a full-sized copy.

Click image to download.

This timeline takes readers through 110 years, complete with points like “1923 I&EC News Edition is introduced, becomes Chemical & Engineering News magazine (C&EN) in 1943.”

If you are interested in a version of this timeline to hang up in your lab or engineering department, visit us at 3:00 p.m. EST on Monday, April 1, 2019, during the ACS Spring National Meeting in Orlando, Florida. Join Phillip E. Savage and associate editors at the ACS Publications expo booth for cupcakes and refreshments to celebrate this milestone! Attendees will receive a printed timeline.

Finally, you are encouraged to bookmark this page, as it will be continuously updated with content throughout 2019. Check back for more invited articles highlighting the 110th, and testimonial videos from leaders in the field of chemical engineering!

Invited Articles celebrating the 110th Anniversary of I&ECR:

Lithium Recovery from the Mother Liquor Obtained in the Process of Li2CO3 Production
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (3), pp 1363–1372
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05495
***
Technoeconomic Perspective on Natural Gas Liquids and Methanol as Potential Feedstocks for Producing Olefins
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (2), pp 963–972
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05277
***
Insight into the Synthesis Process of an Industrial Ziegler–Natta Catalyst
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (2), pp 886–896
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05296
***
110th Anniversary: Kinetic Model for Syngas Chemical Looping Combustion Using a Nickel-Based Highly Performing Fluidizable Oxygen Carrier
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (8), pp 2801-2811
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05880
***
110th Anniversary: Marinization of Multiphase Reactors through the Prism of Chemical Engineers
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (8), pp 2607-2630
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05695
***
Kinetics Study of Sulfuric Acid Alkylation of Isobutane and Butene Using a Microstructured Chemical System
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (3), pp 1150–1158
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05924
***
High performance carbon molecular sieve membranes resistance to aggressive feed stream contaminants
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (16), pp 6740-6746
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00899
***
110th Anniversary: Accurate Modelling of the Simultaneous Absorption of H2S and CO2 in Aqueous Amine Solvents
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 58 (16), pp 6870-6886
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00862
***
110th Anniversary: Commentary: CFD as a Modeling Tool for Fixed Bed Reactors
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (14), pp 5733-5736
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b06380
***
Ionic Liquid Promoted CO2 Hydrogenation to Free Formic Acid over Pd/C
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (16), pp 6333-6339
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00654
***
110th Anniversary: Design of Cooling Fluids for Electronic Equipment
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (12), pp 4925–4935
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b06378
***
110th Anniversary: The First Thermodynamic and Kinetic Analysis of Ammonia in Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids Using a Gravimetric Microbalance
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (11), pp 4644–4655
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00274
***
110th Anniversary: Concurrently Coating and Doping High-Valence Vanadium in Nickel-Rich Lithiated Oxides for High-Rate and Stable Lithium-Ion Batteries
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (10), pp 4108–4115
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b06162
***
110th Anniversary: Fabrication of Inverted Pd@TiO2 Nanostructures for Selective Catalysis
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (10), pp 4032–4041
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05896
***
110th Anniversary: Polyamide/Metal–Organic Framework Bilayered Thin Film Composite Membranes for the Removal of Pharmaceutical Compounds from Water
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (10), pp 4222–4230
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b06017
***
110th Anniversary: Unleashing the Full Potential of Quinones for High Performance Aqueous Organic Flow Battery
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (10), pp 3994–3999
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b06391
***
110th Anniversary: Distribution Coefficients of Furfural and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Hydrophobic Deep Eutectic Solvent + Water Systems: Experiments and Perturbed-Chain Statistical Associating Fluid Theory Predictions
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (10), pp 4240–4247
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b06234
***
110th Anniversary: The Missing Link Unearthed: Materials and Process Intensification
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 22, 9212-9222
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01479
***
110th Anniversary: Mixed Matrix Membranes with Fillers of Intrinsic Nanopores for Gas Separation
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019 , 58 (19), pp 7706-7724
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01568
***
110th Anniversary: Numerical Simulations of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Pipe Implementing Population Balance Modeling
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58 (19), pp 8437-8455
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00912
***
110th Anniversary: Selection of Crosslinkers and Crosslinking Procedures for the Fabrication of Solvent Resistant Nanofiltration Membranes: A Review
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 25, 10678-10691
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02408
***
Recent Progress and Future Challenges in Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by H2 in the presence of O2
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 24, 10140-10153
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01843
***
110 Anniversary issue: Comments on Heterogeneity of Practical Adsorbents
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 25, 10984-11002
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01025
***
Molecular Thermodynamics: An Endless Frontier
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 23, 9707-9708
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01597
***
Simulation of Limestone Calcination for Calcium Looping: Potential for Autothermal and Hydrogen-Producing Sorbent Regeneration
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58 (20), pp 8636-8655
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00668

***
110th Anniversary: A Total Water Splitting Electrocatalyst Based on The Borate/Fe Co-Doping of Nickel Sulfide
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 29, 13053-13063
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01976
***
110th Anniversary: Process Developments in Carbon Dioxide Capture using Membrane Technology
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 28, 12868-12875
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02013
***
110th Anniversary: Modeling and Optimization of a Butyl Glycol Ether Plant based on an Experimental Kinetic Study
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 29, 13260-13273
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02490
***
110th Anniversary: Effects of alcohol concentration on the reactions of ethyl acetate and diethyl malonate in hot compressed water-alcohol mixed solvents
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 29, 13076-13084
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02301
***
110th Anniversary: Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis for Multiphase Product Recovery through Reactive Distillation
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 29, 13249-13259
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02352
***
Non-ideal Mixing Phenomena in High-pressure LDPE Autoclaves: Prediction of Variable Initiator Efficiency and Ethylene Decomposition
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 29, 13093-13111
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02517
***
110th Anniversary: A Case Study on Developing Accurate and Reliable Excess Gibbs Energy Correlations for Industrial Application
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 28, 12465-12477
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01624
***
110th Anniversary: From Solubility Parameters to Predictive Equation-of-State Modeling
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,  2019, 58, 28, 12787-12800
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02908
***
110th Anniversary: Nucleation of Ag Nanoparticles in Helical Microfluidic Reactor. Comparison between Microwave and Conventional Heating
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 28, 12702-12711
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01460
***
110th Anniversary: Mesoscale Complexity: To Dodge or to Confront?
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 28, 12478-12484
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01655
***
Nonrandom Two-Liquid Segment Activity Coefficient Model with Association Theory
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 28, 12773-12786
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02078
***
Slurryability: What makes a powder hard to incorporate into a slurry?
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14396-14409
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00572
***
110th Anniversary: Sustainable Synthesis of Zeolites: From Fundamental Research to Industrial Production
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 27, 11653-11658
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02054
***
110th Anniversary: Reversible Solubilization of Polar Polymers and Polymeric-Catalysts in Nonpolar Solvents
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14579-14587
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02373
***
110th Anniversary: Microkinetic Modeling of the Vapor Phase Upgrading of Biomass-Derived Oxygenates
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 33, 15173-15189
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03242
***
110th Anniversary: Nanoparticle mediated drug delivery for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease: Crossing the blood-brain barrier
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 33, 15079-15087
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02196
***
110th Anniversary: Syngas production enhancement using calcium and potassium impregnated chars
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,  2019, 58, 33, 15134-15141
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02238
***
110th Anniversary: MILD combustion of liquid hydrocarbon-alcohol blends
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 32, 15061-15068
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02374
***
110th Anniversary: Industrial Process Water Treatment and Reuse Enabled by Selective Ion Exchange Materials
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,  2019, 58, 32, 14873-14879
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02200
***
110th Anniversary: Theory of Activity Coefficients for Lithium Salts in Aqueous and Nonaqueous Solvents and in Solvent Mixtures
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 39, 18367-18377
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02657
***
110th Anniversary: Molecular Structure Effects on Mass Transfer of C10 Hydrocarbons in BPL Activated Carbon
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 33, 15271-15279
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02377
***
110th Anniversary: Carbon Dioxide and Chemical Looping: Current Research Trends
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16235-16257
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02521
***
110th Anniversary: Characterization of a Condensing CO2 to Methanol Reactor
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 13987-13999
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02576
***
110th Anniversary: Vat Photopolymerization-based Additive Manufacturing: Current Trends and Future Directions in Materials Design
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 33, 15109-15118
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02679
***
110th Anniversary: Selective Recognition of 5-Fluorouracil with Molecular Imprinting Membranes: Molecular Details
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 34, 15497-15505
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02281
***
110th Anniversary: Comparison of Cavitation Devices Based on Linear and Swirling Flows: Hydrodynamic Characteristics
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14488-14509
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02757
***
110th Anniversary: A Feature-Based Analysis of Static Real-Time Optimization Schemes
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14227-14238
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02327
***
110th Anniversary: Interactions of Bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl) Peroxide with the Secondary Antioxidant Bis(octadecyloxycarbonylethyl) Sulfide: Mechanistic Studies Conducted in Dodecane as a Model System for Polyethylene
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14569-14578
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02344
***
110th Anniversary: The Epoxidation of Polybutadiene via Reaction-Controlled Phase-Transfer Catalysis
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58, 29, 13085-13092
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02371
***
110th Anniversary: An Effective Methodology for Kinetic Parameter Estimation for Modeling Commercial Polyolefin Processes from Plant Data Using Efficient Simulation Software Tools
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14209-14226
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02277
***
110th Anniversary: Modeling National Power Flow Systems through the Energy Hub Approach
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14252-14266
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02469
***
110th Anniversary: Cellulose Nanocrystals as Organic Nanofillers for Cellulose Triacetate Membranes Used for Desalination by Pervaporation
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14340-14349
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02106
***
110th Anniversary: Influence of Solvents on Biocrude from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Soybean Oil, Soy Protein, Cellulose, Xylose, and Lignin, and Their Quinary Mixture
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 13971-13976
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02442
***
110th Anniversary: Liquid Separation Membranes Based on Nanowire Substrates for Organic Solvent Nanofiltration and Membrane Distillation
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 31, 14350-14356
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02292
***
110th Anniversary: Kinetics and X-ray absorption spectroscopy in methane total oxidation over alumina-supported Pt, Pd, and Ag-Pd catalysts
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 38, 17718-17726
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03094
***
110th Anniversary: Synthesis of Plasmonic Silica-Coated TiN Particles
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16610-16619
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02932
***
110th Anniversary: New Volumetric Frequency Response System for Determining Mass Transfer Mechanisms in Microporous Adsorbents
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 37, 17462-17474
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02422
***
110th Anniversary: Engineered RNA control elements as biosensors for in vitro diagnostics
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 37, 17174-17181
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03963
***
110th Anniversary: Ensemble-Based Machine Learning for Industrial Fermenter Classification and Foaming Control
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16719-16729
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02424
***
110th Anniversary: Bridging the Time and Length Scales of Process Systems with Data
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16696-16708
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02282
***
110th Anniversary: Commentary: Perspectives on Adsorption of Complex Mixtures
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 37, 17100-17105
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b04243
***
110th Anniversary: On the Departure from Heuristics and Simplified Models towards Globally Optimal Design of Process Equipment
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 40, 18684-18702
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02611
***
110th Anniversary: Column Efficiency: From Conception, Through Complexity to Simplicity
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16877-16893
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02378
***
Indirect Partial Oxidation of Methane using a Counter-Current Moving Bed Chemical Looping Configuration for Enhanced Syngas Production
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16407-16416
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02520
***
110th Anniversary: Real-Time Endpoint Detection of Fluidized Bed Drying Process Based on a Switching Model of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 36, 16777-16786
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02747
***
Learning-based model predictive control for batch process: an overview
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 37, 17164-17173
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02370
***
110th Anniversary: A perspective on catalytic oxidative processes for sustainable water remediation
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 37, 17325-17337
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b04581
***
110th Anniversary: Effect of System Size on Boundary-Driven Contact Charging in Particulate Flows
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58 (38), pp 17980-17990
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03437

***
110th Anniversary: Properties of Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids Bearing Both Benzylic and n-Alkyl Substituents
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58 (38), pp 17956-17964
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03159
***
110th Anniversary: Continuum Modeling of Granular Mixing in a Rotating Drum
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 41, 19251-19262
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03642
***
110th Anniversary: Solvent Exchange in the Processing of Biopolymer Aerogels: Current Status and Open Questions
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 40, 18590-18600
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02967
***
110th Anniversary: Near-Total Epoxidation Selectivity and Hydrogen Peroxide Utilization with Nb-EISA Catalysts for Propylene Epoxidation
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58 (38), pp 17727-17735
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03461

***
110th Anniversary: Transesterification of Corn Oil to Biodiesel by Ion Exchange Resins with Macroporous Structure
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 39, 18097-18106
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02968

***
110th Anniversary: Surrogate Models Based on Artificial Neural Networks To Simulate and Optimize Pressure Swing Adsorption Cycles for CO2 Capture
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 39, 18241-18252
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02383
***
110th Anniversary: Commentary: The Smart Human in Smart Manufacturing
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 42, 19317-19321
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03544
***
110th Anniversary: Dry reforming of methane over Ni and Sr substituted Lanthanum Zirconate pyrochlore catalysts – Effect of Ni loading
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 42, 19386-19396
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02434
***
110th Anniversary: Model-guided Preparation of Copolymer Sequence Distributions Through Programmed Semibatch RAFT Mini-Emulsion Styrene/Butyl Acrylate Copolymerization
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 41, 18997-19008
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03414
***
110th Anniversary: Fluidized-Bed Chemical Reactors for Heterogeneously Catalyzed Gas–Solid Reactions: Old and New Applications
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 47, 21173-21186
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03515
***
110th Anniversary: Thermal Coupling via Heat Transfer: A Potential Route to Simple Distillation Configurations with Lower Heat Duty
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 47, 21671-21678
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b04689
***
110th Anniversary: Generalized SVD Reduced-Order Observers for LTI Systems with Noisy Measurements
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Just Accepted
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b04030
***
110th Anniversary: Knowledge-Based Recipe Management for Production Processes
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 43, 19985-19996
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02366
***
110th Anniversary: Process and Systems Engineering Perspectives on Personalized Medicine and the Design of Effective Treatment of Diseases
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 44, 20357-20369
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b04228
***
110th Anniversary: Calcium Looping Coupled with Concentrated Solar Power for Carbon Capture and Thermochemical Energy Storage
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 47, 21262-21272
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03083
***
110th Anniversary: High-Molecular-Weight Chitin and Cellulose Hydrogels from Biomass in Ionic Liquids without Chemical Crosslinking
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 43, 19862-19876
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03078
***
110th Anniversary: Evaluation of CO2-Based and CO2-Free Synthetic Fuel Systems Using a Net-Zero-CO2-Emission Framework
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 43, 19958-19972
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00880
***

110th Anniversary: The Dehydration and Loss of Ionic Conductivity in Anion Exchange Membranes Due to FeCl4– Ion Exchange and the Role of Membrane Microstructure
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2019, 58, 49, 22250-22259
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b04592
***
110th Anniversary: Fast and Easy-to-Use Method for Coating Tissue Culture Polystyrene Surfaces with Nonfouling Copolymers To Prevent Cell Adhesion
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,  2019, 58, 49, 22290-22298
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b05104
***
110th Anniversary: Critical Properties and High Temperature Vapor Pressures for Furan, 2-Methylfuran, 2-Methoxy-2-methylpropane, 2-Ethoxy-2-methylbutane, n-Hexane, and Ethanol and Bubble Points of Mixtures with a New Apparatus
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02912
***
110th Anniversary: High-Order Interactions Can Eclipse Pairwise Interactions in Shaping the Structure of Microbial Communities: The case of a Synthetic Oral Microbial Community Containing Actinomyces viscosus
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03190
***
Integration of Scheduling and Robust Model Predictive Control
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Just Accepted
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02545
***
110th Anniversary: Gas and Vapor Sorption in Glassy Polymeric Membranes: Critical Review of Different Physical and Mathematical Models
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Just Accepted
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b05453
***
110th Anniversary: A Generalized Nonsmooth Operator for Process Integration
Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Just Accepted
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02385
***
(list last updated December 18, 2019)

Exploring the Wild West of E-Cigarettes

Researchers are helping tackle complex issues surrounding human exposure to chemicals from the use of e-cigarettes.  The ToxWatch article “The Wild West of E-Cigarettes,” brings to light that this emerging area is really a wild west due to the ever-evolving designs, flavors, brands, and unexpected ways that users approach the experience, just to point out some of the many factors that influence the effects of this immensely popular product, particularly among youth.  Innovation in study designs and approaches are advanced as the way forward in understanding and protecting public health impacts.

“The popularity of ecigarettes is growing exponentially. Yet, the health risks associated with their use remain unclear, mainly due to the fact that they are not ‘one product,’ but a combination of ever-evolving designs, flavors, brands, and modes of use, ” write Silvia Balbo and Irina Stepanov in the abstract . “Research needs to better understand how these variables affect toxicity.”

This poster lays out the differences between various e-cigarette products and the gaps in our current understanding of their risks. Click on the image below to download a high-quality PDF of the poster, suitable for printing.

the wild west of e-cigarettes

Chemical Research in Toxicology has a new article type in 2018: ToxWatch, which pairs a single large, eye-catching graphic with short, accessible text to explore current issues in toxicology.

Chemical Research in Toxicology aims to serve the diverse, global research community with ToxWatch, just as it does in every article it publishes. To date, the journal has published ToxWatch from the U.S., Europe, and Asia. The journal welcomes ToxWatch contributions from all parts of the world.

Follow Chemical Research in Toxicology on Twitter to stay connected with the latest research and viewpoints in the field of toxicology. Many of the new ToxWatch abstracts are short enough to fit in a single Tweet!