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In the News with Nano Letters

Nano Letters is a forum for reporting original results on fundamental, applied, and emerging research in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology that require rapid dissemination. A chief criterion to fit within the scope of Nano Letters is the convergence of at least two different areas or disciplines.

In the 20 years since the journal began publishing, many of the articles have been deemed instantly worthy of press coverage due to the impact of the reported results. Here, we have curated a list of articles published this year that have been featured and covered by various media outlets.

An Anode-Free Zn–MnO2 Battery
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 3, 1446–1453
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04519

In the News: Science Bulletin

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Ultra-absorptive Nanofiber Swabs for Improved Collection and Test Sensitivity of SARS-CoV-2 and other Biological Specimens
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 3, 1508–1516
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04956

In the News: The Korea Herald

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In Situ Transforming RNA Nanovaccines from Polyethylenimine Functionalized Graphene Oxide Hydrogel for Durable Cancer Immunotherapy
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 5, 2224–2231
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c05039

In the News: Healthline

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Magnesium-Based Micromotors as Hydrogen Generators for Precise Rheumatoid Arthritis Therapy
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 5, 1982–1991
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04438
In the News: Healthline Innovations

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Printing Porous Carbon Aerogels for Low Temperature Supercapacitors
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 9, 3731–3737
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04780

In the News: Physics World

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Swimmers Heal on the Move Following Catastrophic Damage
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 5, 2240–2247
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c05061

In the News: Engadget

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Efficient and Robust Metallic Nanowire Foams for Deep Submicrometer Particulate Filtration
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 7, 2968–2974
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00050

In the News: Science Magazine

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Outdoor Personal Thermal Management with Simultaneous Electricity Generation
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 9, 3879–3886
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00400

In the News: Gizmodo

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Oxygen-Generating Cyanobacteria Powered by Upconversion-Nanoparticles-Converted Near-Infrared Light for Ischemic Stroke Treatment
Nano Lett. 2021, XXXX, XXX, XXX-XXX
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00719

In the News: Novus Light

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Washable, Sewable, All-Carbon Electrodes and Signal Wires for Electronic Clothing
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 17, 7093–7099
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01039

In the News: Daily Mail

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Crumpled MXene Electrodes for Ultrastretchable and High-Area-Capacitance Supercapacitors
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 18, 7561–7568
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c02071

In the News: New Atlas

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Flexible Lead-Free X-ray Detector from Metal–Organic Frameworks
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 16, 6983–6989
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c02336

In the News: Physics World

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Magnetic Testis Targeting and Magnetic Hyperthermia for Noninvasive, Controllable Male Contraception via Intravenous Administration
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 14, 6289–6297
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c02181

In the News: Forbes

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Electrochromic Inorganic Nanostructures with High Chromaticity and Superior Brightness
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 10, 4343–4350
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00904

In the News: Optica

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Surveilling and Tracking COVID-19 Patients Using a Portable Quantum Dot Smartphone Device
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 12, 5209–5216
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01280

In the News: World Economic Forum

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Graphene Electric Field Sensor Enables Single Shot Label-Free Imaging of Bioelectric Potentials
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 12, 4944–4949
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00543

In the News: Wired

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High Osmotic Power Generation via Nanopore Arrays in Hybrid Hexagonal Boron Nitride/Silicon Nitride Membranes
Nano Lett. 2021, 21, 10, 4152–4159
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c04704

In the News: Futurity

Collected Resources for Chemists on the COVID-19 Coronavirus from ACS Publications

The global crisis surrounding the novel coronavirus 2019–nCoV, commonly known as the COVID-19 coronavirus, is at the forefront of everyone’s mind. It has affected the lives and the work of people around the world, including chemists. Yet chemists are also at the forefront of the fight to understand, contain, treat, and eventually defeat the disease. The American Chemical Society takes this threat seriously and remains committed to supporting chemists during this difficult time as part of its mission to advance the broader chemistry enterprise around the world. Below is a collection of news, research, and resources for chemists related to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, courtesy of ACS Publications.

Please bookmark this page and share it with your professional network, as it will be updated with new information and chemistry resources related to the pandemic as they become available.


Frequently Asked Questions


Click below to read answers to common questions about ACS Publications’ operations during the COVID-19 crisis.

ACS Publications Response to the Pandemic

What is ACS doing to ensure that coronavirus related research is available?

ACS has made all coronavirus-related research published in our 60+ portfolio of journals open access and free-to-read since learning of the novel coronavirus outbreak. The most effective way to access this research is through this virtual issue, which is being updated regularly as new articles are published. Additionally, ACS has made all COVID-19 related research published in ACS journals freely and immediately available in the National Institutes of Health PubMed and World Health Organization (WHO) databases.

How is ACS supporting the federal and global COVID-19 response?

As the world’s largest scientific society, ACS is doing everything possible to aid in the global and federal response to the pandemic. Information about ACS efforts in this area is available on the ACS resources webpage. In addition to enabling free access to all coronavirus-related research, CAS, a division of the American Chemical Society, is reaching out to offer its considerable expertise to organizations investing their efforts toward vaccine and therapeutic research as they evaluate the means to combat COVID-19. This assistance, offered at no charge, might involve helping researchers get needed answers or analyses quickly, providing access to CAS solutions, satisfying requests for custom-curated data sets relevant to a target of interest or collaborating with our CAS scientists on a challenging formulations problem, among others. You can contact CAS at the CAS Customer Center.

Does ACS have any resources for families teaching children or young adults about science and chemistry at home?

ACS has made resources available to help in teaching high school, middle school, and elementary school students. The American Association of Chemistry Teachers has also unlocked resources for families learning from home. Additional educational resources can be found on ACS’ Educate resource page.

I’m a professor teaching remotely. Are there any resources I can review?

ACS’s member magazine, Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) has compiled useful tips for teaching online. The Journal of Chemical Education has also created an open-access, free-to-read collection of articles on this topic. Additional resources can be found on the ACS Educate resource page.

Does ACS have any materials for non-chemists who would like to learn more about the pandemic and how it affects our lives?

C&EN has made all of its coverage of the coronavirus pandemic open access and free-to-read for all. C&EN’s reporting includes coverage of the scientific advances in fighting the virus and news about the impact of the pandemic on universities, labs, and industry.

To learn more about the chemistry behind coronavirus, how vaccines are made, and how materials like soap and hand sanitizer work to fight the virus, visit, and subscribe to ACS’s Reactions YouTube channel.  Additional materials can be found on ACS’ Communicate resource page.


Publishing and Journal Activity

Will there be delays in the publication of my article during the pandemic?

At the moment, we are not experiencing any delays in the publication process, but individual circumstances may lead to delays in peer review. If you have questions about the timeline for publication of an article, contact your journal’s editorial office.

What should I do if I need additional time to submit revisions to an article?

If you need more time, contact your journal’s editorial office and explain your request. We’ve communicated the need to be flexible during this unprecedented time to all ACS editors, who understand that authors may be under challenging circumstances.

Will the release of any ACS journals be delayed?

We are doing everything we can to minimize any journal disruptions, and at this time, we expect no delay in the release of any ACS journal articles or issues. If this should change, we will communicate updates to our subscribers and authors.

How can I submit my research quickly?

Uploading your research to ChemRxiv is the fastest way to make your work public. ChemRxiv is a free-to-use service for disseminating unpublished preprints in chemistry and related areas. Preprints are easily searchable and free to read, many with licenses that permit reuse. Uploading your manuscript to ChemRxiv prior to submitting it to a journal for peer review is the quickest way to document your research and make it available to the chemistry community. Please note that while ChemRxiv carries out checks for problematic content, the curators there do not carry out peer review.

As many universities and labs have closed, what considerations should I make when performing a peer review?

We’ve asked our peer reviewers and editors to refrain from requesting additional experiments except when absolutely necessary, as doing so during this time may delay publication. Our journal editorial offices are aware of the difficulties that researchers face when additional lab work is requested; they are carefully evaluating all requests for any additional experimentation from peer reviewers at this time.

I am able to peer review. How can I let editors know of my availability?

We encourage you to accept invitations to peer review, and/or contact journal editorial offices in your field and let them know of your availability. Our peer reviewers are vital to the publication process, so if you find yourself with time, ACS journal editors will no doubt appreciate your expertise.

I thought I had time to review an article, but my circumstances have changed. What should I do?

We understand that individual circumstances are changing on a daily basis. We appreciate your commitment to peer review, but if you are unable to complete a review, please contact the journal editorial office and explain that you are no longer available. You will still be contacted for peer review requests in the future unless you wish otherwise.


Remote Access to ACS Publications

My university is closed. How can I access ACS Publications without using my university’s VPN?

ACS Publications has a variety of options for how you can access articles remotely. Visit our remote access resource page to learn about options for you and for your institution.

I still have access to my university network but plan to begin working and/or studying remotely soon. How can I maintain access to ACS Publications when not on their network?

You can pair a device while on your university network and maintain access to ACS Publications while working remotely. To pair your device, follow the instructions here.

ACS has enabled “federated authentication” for my university. What is federated authentication?

Federated authentication is a method for allowing members of one organization to use their authentication credentials to access a web application of another organization.  This means that students or researchers working off-campus can use their campus credentials to access ACS Publications content without the need for a VPN.

Is Patrons’ privacy protected when logging in with federated authentication?

Institutions are in control over the information that is released about their users. ACS Publications does not require any personally identifiable information (e.g. name or email address). In addition, as a division of the American Chemical Society, we are governed by the Society’s overarching privacy policy, available here.

Will IP authentication and COUNTER reports be affected?

No, enabling remote access via federated authentication does not impact the use of IP address authentication for any users directly connected to the campus network or remotely connected via a VPN/proxy server. In addition, enabling remote access via federated authentication will have no impact on COUNTER reports. COUNTER reports will include usage while on-campus, off-campus, and connected via a VPN/proxy server, or off-campus using federated authentication.

Federated authentication is not yet available through my university. Can my school be added?

The list of institutions that have had federated authentication enabled is growing rapidly. See a full list and search for your school. We are continuing to add new universities every day, so please check back regularly if you don’t see your institution yet.


Take a Two-Hour On-Demand Course from ACS Publications:

Chemistry in Practice: Reduce the Spread of Viruses aims to connect chemical principles of infectious disease to personal actions to help control the spread. This on-demand educational course is intended for all professionals, academics or students returning to work settings who wish to evaluate their risk. Developed and reviewed by leading experts such as Dr. Poonum Korpe, M.D. of Johns Hopkins University, this course consists of lessons on how a virus spreads, mask use, effective hand hygiene, recommendations on gloves and face shields, navigating group situations complete with a risk-assessment calculator, cleaning and disinfecting, vaccines and antivirals, and a self-assessment module. Register for access to two freely available modules or purchase the course using your ACS ID for $20 USD.

Get Access to COVID-19 Coronavirus Research from ACS Publications


Remote Access for Researchers

While you are working and studying remotely, ACS has made it easier for you to access our content. Student and faculty researchers around the world can now sign in without a VPN for a secure connection to ACS Publications content through our partnership with SeamlessAccess, a federated authentication system. For those who still have access to their university networks, you can pair your laptop, tablet, and smartphone to maintain access to ACS research from home. We are adding new remote access options regularly and will continue to ensure that you can access the research you need.

Visit our remote access resource page to learn more and to get instructions on SeamlessAccess and device pairing. If you need additional help or guidance, please email us at acs_pubs_assist@acs.org.


ACS Publications Call for Papers for COVID-19 & Related Research Topics

ACS Publications is committed to rapidly communicating urgent developments in characterizing, preventing, and treating the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or the disease it causes, COVID-19. As part of that commitment, we’re working to assist anyone whose research relates to COVID-19 to publish and share their results as quickly as possible.

We invite you to submit your COVID-19 or coronavirus-related manuscript to one of our journals.

Consideration for COVID-19 Manuscripts & Published Articles

Due to the unique nature of the current situation, ACS Publications has some special measures in place for handling manuscripts and published articles related to COVID-19/coronavirus:

  • For a limited time, free editing services are available for all manuscripts related to COVID-19/coronavirus. Visit ACS Authoring Services to learn more.
  • COVID-19/coronavirus-related articles included in the Chemistry in Coronavirus Research Virtual Issue are free to read through the end of 2020.
  • ACS Publications is sharing all articles related to COVID-19/coronavirus with the World Health Organization (WHO) immediately upon publication, for inclusion in the WHO COVID-19 research database.

Use a Preprint to Share Your Results Even Faster

ACS also welcomes submissions to the preprint server ChemRxiv

When you post a draft of your manuscript on ChemRxiv, you can share your results with the community and get feedback ahead of formal peer review and publication. You can also use ChemRxiv’s Direct Journal Transfer feature to submit a posted preprint to an established journal for editorial consideration and peer review.

All ACS journals accept manuscripts that have been previously published on ChemRxiv.

Special Issue Calls for Papers

Specific ACS Publications journals are inviting manuscript submissions for Special Issues:

Environmental Science & Technology

ES&T Special Issue Call for Papers: Environmental Transmission and Control of COVID-19

Journal of Chemical Education

Call for Papers: Special Issue on Insights Gained While Teaching Chemistry in the Time of COVID-19

Journal of Proteome Research

Call for Papers: Special Issue on Proteomics and its Application in Pandemic Diseases


A Message for Authors and Reviewers

For Authors

During these unprecedented times, ACS remains fully committed to supporting our authors. In particular, we want to remain flexible with deadlines for revisions and other requests. Please let your journal’s editorial office know if you need additional time to work on a manuscript revision or run into any other challenges with preparing your manuscript. We are happy to work with you!

To support the publication of your research, ACS staff and Editors are working carefully to ensure that journal operations continue with as little disruption as possible. However, given the challenges presented by the COVID-19 outbreak, you may experience delays in the event that reviewers or editors need more time to complete evaluations of your manuscript. We appreciate your understanding that others involved in the publishing process are experiencing many of the same challenges. Posting a preprint of your research on ChemRxiv is one way to help your work reach its audience as rapidly as possible.

For Reviewers

The current global crisis proves that now more than ever, the contributions of scientists are vital. We appreciate the efforts of our reviewers, as their work allows critical research to continue to be published. However, we completely understand that taking the time to review a manuscript is not always possible, especially at this time. If you receive a review invitation, consider the timeline requested and feel free to decline if it isn’t feasible for you. If you’ve accepted an invitation to review and your situation no longer allows you the time necessary to do so, please contact the journal office as soon as possible and explain that you are no longer able to review. We would encourage you to help the editor by recommending an alternate reviewer whenever possible.

If you decline an invitation to review, our editors will contact you again for future review opportunities unless you indicate that you are not interested. Declining a review during this time does not mean that you will be excluded from future review opportunities.

For others, you may find that you have some additional time available at the moment. In these cases, please accept invitations to review, and let journal offices in your area of expertise know if you are available for more review assignments. Hard-working editors will appreciate knowing you are willing and able to provide your expert feedback!

Finally, given that many researchers are not able to visit their labs during this time, please carefully consider any request for additional experimentation as doing so can further delay publications. We ask that you only recommend experiments if they are essential for publication, and clearly differentiate for the editor between required additions (e.g., critical controls) and suggestions that would strengthen the work but should not stand in the way of publication.


Share Your Posters and Presentations Online


Read Ongoing Coverage of the COVID-19 Coronavirus


News and Updates about the COVID-19 Coronavirus from ACS


Congratulations to the Recipients of the Fall 2019 ACS Publications Librarian Travel Grant!

ACS Publications and the Award Committee are excited to announce the recipients of the ACS Publications Travel Grant for Librarians and Library School Students to attend the Fall 2019 ACS National Meeting & Exposition in San Diego:


Stephen Alayon, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC), Philippines

Twitter: @stpnalaun 

Stephen B. Alayon is the Head of the Library and Data Banking Services Section, Training and Information Division, Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC/AQD) located in Iloilo, Philippines. He is also a part-time faculty member of the University of San Agustin and the Central Philippine University in Iloilo City. He finished both his Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Master of Education (Mathematics) degrees at the University of the Philippines in the Visayas. He finished his Master of Library and Information Science degree at the Central Philippine University. Stephen is a registered Professional Teacher and Librarian in the Philippines. He served as the executive vice president of the Philippine Librarians Association Inc. (PLAI) in 2015-2016. He is the president-elect (2019-2020) of the International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC). He held various awards such as PAARL Outstanding Academic/Research Librarian 2012, ASLP Citation Award for Excellence in Research 2013, PLAI Distinguished Service Award 2014, PLAI Severino I. Velasco Award 2017, PLAI Gawad sa Natatanging Laybraryan (Visayas) 2018, and SLA Asian Librarian Award 2014.


Alexa Carter, North Carolina State University

Twitter: @libalchemy

Alexa Carter is the Research Librarian for Physical Sciences and Graduate Services at NC State University Libraries. She holds a B.S. in Chemistry and an M.S. in Information Sciences from the University of Tennessee. She worked at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and U.S. Geological Survey and continues to explore how she can help foster more meaningful interactions between library users and scientific resources. Her research interests include STEM outreach and communication, user experience, assessment, and peer-to-peer learning.


Jessica Hanley, University of Toronto – Mississauga

Twitter: @TheSciLibrarian

Jessica E. Hanley is a Science Liaison and Research Librarian at the University of Toronto’s Mississauga campus. She completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Guelph in Guelph, Ontario and her graduate studies at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan. She is currently pursuing her Ph.D. at the University of Toronto’s Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Her doctoral research aims to examine the role information literacy, and the role library services play in supporting academic success of students from low socio-economic backgrounds in STEM majors. Before becoming a Science Librarian, She worked for the University of Guelph researching in a biophysics laboratory. Her role at the University of Toronto is focused around Information Literacy instruction in Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, Medicine, Occupational Therapy and Physics, in addition to providing research services to faculty and students.  In her free time, she enjoys baking, playing golf, running, and traveling.


Nevena Tomic, KAUST, Saudi Arabia

Twitter: @nevenita1

Nevena Tomic (1972, Valjevo, Serbia) earned her Master’s and Ph.D. degrees in Library and Information Science from the University of Belgrade. She worked sixteen years as an academic librarian and library manager in the Cultural Center Students’ City in Belgrade. She was an active member of the Serbian Library Association (president of the Section for professional development). In 2007 she won IFLA/OCLC Early Career Fellowship Award. She serves as a member of the Programme Committee of ECIL (European Conference of Information Literacy). From February 2019. Nevena is a Subject Specialist for Physical Sciences and Engineering at the King Abdullah University for Science and Technology in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.


Stephen Alayon, Alexa Carter, Jessica Hanley, and Nevena Tomic will be sharing their experiences from the National Meeting in future ACS Axial articles.

ACS Publications would like to thank the members of the Award Committee and everyone who applied for the travel grant. Librarians and students should keep their eyes open for a call for applications for the Spring 2020 ACS National Meeting & Exposition in Philadelphia.

Virtual Issue on Microplastics in the Aquatic Environment

A recent article entitled “Human Consumption of Microplastics” published in Environmental Science & Technology has received much attention in the news from all over the world. In the article, researchers estimate that Americans inhale and ingest an average of between 74,000 and 121,000 microplastic particles each year. Researchers also noted that people who drink bottled water can ingest as many as 90,000 additional plastic particles, compared with just 4,000 from those who drink tap water. According to the article’s Altmetric Attention Score, which tracks online attention to published research articles, this article has been mentioned in articles from 114 news outlets (including Time, CNN, and Yahoo News) and 18 blogs, and 719 social mentions as of June 28, 2019.

Microplastics are a fairly new and emerging contaminant, and a lot remains to be learned about their impacts. Extensive research has been conducted to understand the occurrence and fate of microplastics in the environment, especially in aquatic environments. Environmental Science & Technology and Environmental Science & Technology Letters organized a Virtual Issue highlighting over a dozen recent articles related to microplastics in aquatic environments. The articles in this Virtual Issue cover topics as diverse as sources of microplastics, how they’re transported through aquatic environments, human health concerns, their effects on specific marine life, and their larger environmental impact.

“The science and engineering of microplastics will be different from that of the chemical contaminants that preceded them, writes Environmental Science & Technology Editor-in-Chief David Sedlak in an editorial from the issue. “Nevertheless, we should learn our emerging contaminant history lessons. As we embark on our second decade of microplastics research, we need to set our sights on how best to provide society with the information needed to decide what to do about our newest emerging contaminant.”

Read the Virtual Issue: Microplastics in the Aquatic Environment

Discover research articles like these and more published in Environmental Science & Technology and Environmental Science & Technology Letters, which are essential resources for a wide range of environmental disciples, including environmental chemistry and engineering

ACS Nano Virtual Issue Highlighted on Korean News Channel

The YTN Science news channel in the Republic of Korea recently highlighted an ACS Nano Virtual Issue. The issue, organized by the editors of ACS Nano with support from Dr. Sergey Shmakov, featured nanoscience research at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology.

KAIST is the oldest and most respected technology university in the Republic of Korea, having a global reputation as a world-class university. The contribution made to ACS Nano by the leading group of KAIST researchers today reflects how KAIST’s reputation has grown to international prominence.

When asked about the importance of this Virtual Issue, KAIST Department of Materials Science and Engineering Professor and ACS Nano Associate Editor Il-Doo Kim said it was an excellent opportunity for sharing the past, present, and future of KAIST with other members of ACS Nano.

“It is indeed my great pleasure and privilege to introduce the history of KAIST and its vision for the future to my fellow distinguished members of ACS Nano― a leading international research journal in the field of nanoscience. I hope this will lead to promoting a closer relationship between the members of the Journal and KAIST moving forward,” Kim said.

The Republic of Korea established KAIST during an economic downturn in 1971 with a six-million-dollar loan from U.S. Aid to foster qualified scientists and engineers to help usher in a new era of industrialization or the country. During the past five decades, KAIST has produced more than 64,000 graduates, including 13,000 Ph.D.’s. KAIST alumni have played pivotal roles in the Republic of Korea’s remarkable economic growth. KAIST alumni account for 23% of the leadership positions in the science and engineering communities in the country. For instance, in the semiconductor industry, which is dominating the global market, one in every four Ph.D.’s is a KAIST graduate.

Throughout its 48 years of history, KAIST has been the gateway for advanced science and technology, innovation, start-up and entrepreneurship in the Republic of Korea. KAIST now further envisions to become a “Global Value-Creative World-Leading University” at the forefront of impacting the global community and contributing to global sustainability.

Watch video of YTN Science’s coverage.

Swiss Scientists Unlock Fondue’s Creamy Secrets

While fondue fever in the United States has died down since the 70s, researchers at ETH Zürich have studied what makes the best mixture for this comforting Swiss staple and published their findings in the January issue of ACS Omega. The research, reported on in outlets such as Indie Science, Economic Times, and News-Medical.Net, found the traditional Swiss dish is a complex multiphase system composed of colloidal ingredients. Pascal Bertsch, Laura Savorani, and Peter Fischer studied how altering the ratio of those ingredients affects the rheology or flow behavior of the final product.

They found that within the typical mixture of wine and Gruyère and Vacherin cheeses, starch levels much be at a minimum of 3% of the total weight to produce a homogenous mixture with an ideal flow rate. This flow rate determines not only the texture of the fondue but also its flavor and ability to cling to bread. If you have ever lost a cube of bread in a too think fondue, or pull it back out of the pot with much of the cheese missing, you know that the ideal viscosity of fondue is an essential part of what makes it an iconic dish.

The researchers also noted a surprising side effect of another ingredient added by many Swiss cooks: Baking soda. While the prevailing kitchen wisdom was that adding sodium bicarbonate improves the texture of a fondue by producing bubbles, the research suggests it actually creates creaminess by increasing the mixture’s pH.

“There is no bigger shame in Switzerland than serving a fondue that is too liquid, gummy, or even phase-separated, and many myths without scientific base persist in Swiss kitchens on how to prepare the perfect fondue,” the authors write. Thankfully, cooks the world over can now benefit from their diligent research.

Read the full paper in ACS Omega.