Uncover how several unexpected sources are sparking innovations in the field of pharmaceutical research.

Whole and clove garlic bulbs on a wooden surface.

Drug development researchers generally want the same outcome: to find new and better ways to improve health. But sometimes, inspiration for those new medicines comes from seemingly unlikely places—garlic, marijuana, medieval weapons and virtual livers. The following papers highlight recent discoveries in the field of drug development published in ACS journals.

1. Garlic plus antibiotics — a one-two punch against Staphylococcus infections

Staph can be hard to treat because the bacteria enter human cells and evade drugs. But by packing the antibiotic vancomycin in a garlic-derived nanovesicle capsule, it’s more easily absorbed by human cells, thereby improving the drug’s germ-killing abilities, say the researchers in ACS Applied Bio Materials.

2. Can we reap THC’s potential neuroprotective properties without the high?

Maybe, according to research in Journal of Natural Products. The authors say that in laboratory studies with cultured human cells, a synthetic form of THC reversed nerve cell toxicity and elevated levels of molecules that support nerve growth and cognitive function better than naturally occurring THC.

3. A new small molecule looks like the medieval spiked weapon called a caltrop

The molecule quickly and completely neutralizes the blood-thinning drug heparin in laboratory studies, say researchers in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. For people who take blood thinners, the fast-acting heparin antidote could help them avoid life-threatening bleeds when injured or during emergency surgery. The researchers hope to start preclinical studies soon.

4. “Virtual liver” could speed up drug discovery

A new, open-source web-based modeling tool is designed to predict a potential drug candidate’s absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion rates. Getting this pharmacokinetic information early in the discovery process could accelerate drug development by eliminating compounds with undesirable effects before tests on animal models, say the program’s designers. The virtual liver is described in detail in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Cover
Read the Full Research Article

Pharmacokinetics Profiler (PhaKinPro): Model Development, Validation, and Implementation as a Web Tool for Triaging Compounds with Undesired Pharmacokinetics Profiles

Marielle Rath, James Wellnitz, Holli-Joi Martin, Cleber Melo-Filho, Joshua E. Hochuli, Guilherme Martins Silva, Jon-Michael Beasley, Maxfield Travis, Zoe L. Sessions, Konstantin I. Popov, Alexey V. Zakharov, Artem Cherkasov, Vinicius Alves*, Eugene N. Muratov*, and Alexander Tropsha*
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.3c02446

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